A historical overview on the picture origin - Al Jazeera Media Institute
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A historical overview on the picture origin

A historical overview on the picture origin

The picture is a reflection of real material where imagination and machine are employed to transfer it into tangible material, and a photograph is an image created by light falling on an object, such as an eye or lens. Therefore, light is the cause of birth of the image.

Photography is a word derived from the Greek words; photos "light" and "graphein: to draw", which means (drawing with light), similarly, poets and writers use words, Directors and photographers write their pictures.

 Let us go back to the primitive era; the early man in the Stone Age, where we find that the image was part of the life in that period, when the fishermen draw animals that hunt on the walls of caves, the most common made from pottery Bear, who instilled in his body arrows in the cave scene, and back his reign to prehistory, and the Bear, who painted his image as an act of magic helps the success of hunting, these images were part of device for charm in the prehistoric age, and was a fisherman Stone Age brought fire to the image to see it or to run on painted, and used fire often instead of the sun, which may not be up to the depth of the cave light. Often they were hiding in the corners of the caves imagery cannot be a ray of light to leak.

If we look back thousands of years; the early man in the Stone Age, we find early man drawing figures long before he wrote. Some of the prehistoric people gathered food as best they could and hunted wild beasts. It was then natural that the walls of their dark caves were painted with the sketches and drawings of the animals they depended on for survival, such as reindeer, bears and others. These first attempts at drawing were not looked upon as art, but viewed as forms of magic to entrap the animals and enlist the help of the spirits. They were hunting with stone-tipped spear weapons to hunt prey and they kept their pictures in dark caves away from light.

The picture has formed - over the time -a source of inspiration of great importance for the ancient and modern people and the interrelations between people and pictures increased gradually. Photography is the result of combining several different technical discoveries. It came as a tool for detecting self-ideas. Later, the aesthetic uses of the image continued; contrast between light and shadow generated extraction of meanings and concepts. Scientists made their first known attempt to capture the image by means of a light-sensitive substance; they used paper to achieve this purpose, later the painters used the same technique.

The Arab scientist, Ibn Al-Haytham, was a pioneering scientific thinker who made important contributions to the understanding of vision, optics and light. Ibn al-Haytham is credited with explaining the nature of light and vision, through using a dark chamber; the device that forms the basis of photography through a simple experiment he conducted in (1038). He was one of the earliest scientists to study the characteristics of light and the mechanism/process of vision and referred to as the father of experimental physics and of modern optics.  He observed that light coming through a tiny hole travelled in straight lines and projected an image onto the opposite wall. His understanding of pinhole projection from his experiments appears to have influenced his consideration of image inversion in the eye, and later called Pinhole Camera.

Later, various scientists started introducing their photographic theories and experiences, such as George Eastman (1888), founder of Kodak Company, who is heralded as the father of popular photography and inventor of motion-picture film and Coleman Sellers (1861), for his Kinematoscope, as distinguished scientist and inventor, followed by the brothers Méliès - a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.

After that the television invented to supersede previous technology, utilizing the moving pictures. However, the difference between the early years of the cinema and the television is that the cinema presented dramatic stories through silent moving pictures, since there was no recorded sound to accompany the movies, while the television benefited from the evolution of cinema, where cameras record both image and sound simultaneously. 

Today, amid the development of new technologies and ideas and widespread satellite television networks, images used in the news media have the same level of emotional effect on attitude, as pictures grab and hold viewers' attentionand capture their minds andfeelings. Because of such powerful effects on viewers' attitude, some may support or stand against the picture's message, as it became one of several delivery systems that feed content to media.