Al Jazeera Journalism Review

Journalists film the Israeli military during the Friday protests in Bilin, Palestine. 16/06/15
Journalists film the Israeli military during the Friday protests in Bilin, Palestine.
16/06/15

Through a Mexican lens: Navigating the intricacies of reporting in Palestine

In the Palestinian territories, a Mexican journalist or visitor can evoke mixed reactions, given the rarity of Mexicans in the region. Some locals, aware of Mexico's proximity to the United States, might view such visitors with suspicion, especially during times of conflict when Washington's support for their adversaries is evident through military aid.

However, others recognise the shared history and suffering of colonization, and perhaps a few might even know that Mexico has consistently voted in support of Palestine in the UN and keeps its diplomatic representation in Ramallah, while the Palestinian Authority maintains its presence in Mexico City. While many might not know Mexico’s capital city, they oftentimes express their familiarity with the name of another city, "Guadalajara," perhaps because the word is rooted in Arabic.

Mexican journalists in the Palestinian territories can evoke mixed reactions, with some locals being suspicious and others recognizing shared history and suffering.

This recognition sometimes leads to their realisation of my genuine, empathetic approach as a journalist, fostering a sense of comfort and openness among the locals, who are then more willing to share their insights and grant me access to their stories.

Finding your connection with the locals is key

Finding what connects you with the locals is key for journalists wishing to cover conflicts or regions like Gaza. Demonstrating respect and understanding in your reporting, rather than judgment or fabrication, significantly alters their perception of you, often marred by the belief that most journalists are untrustworthy.

BETHLEHEM, PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES - JANUARY 25: Banksy grafitti on a wall in the occupied territories. Bethlehem, January 25, 2010.
BETHLEHEM, PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES - JANUARY 25: Banksy grafitti on a wall in the occupied territories. Bethlehem, January 25, 2010.

I had an experience during the 2014 war on Gaza where my identity as a Mexican journalist was questioned by a Hamas official, who questioned the authenticity of my passport. However, as soon as a local acquaintance called out “Maradona!” from a distance, in reference to the famous Latin American footballer, the atmosphere changed. The official immediately recalled Maradona’s famous ‘Hand of God’ against England and excitedly asked if I could train his amateur football team. Despite the confusion in nationalities and my lack of skill at this sport, we amiably agreed to meet after the war, embracing the saying "Bukra, inshallah"—tomorrow, God willing. 

It is rare for Mexican or Latin American journalists to come and report from the other side of the ocean, especially from conflict zones like Gaza. We often rely on a Western worldview to understand this part of the world, absorbing their linguistics, interests and even humor in their perspectives and narratives. The prevailing influence of Western media often imparts a sense of colonial patronization, suggesting an underlying assumption that they better understand what we need to hear and see.

However, the last couple of decades have seen a gradual shift, with journalists from more varied countries bringing their unique perspectives to international reporting. I experienced this in The Hague in 2013, when I joined the most interesting and diverse group of reporters during a Nuclear Summit: Chinese, Indonesian, Egyptian, Pakistani, and Brazilians, where we got together to share perspectives you rarely see among European and North American reporters.

 

Collaboration and teamwork are important in journalism

Despite the positive change, the media industry's financial crisis has hindered this progress. Almost every Spanish-language media outlet has had to drastically cut costs, and many have disappeared. It’s become very difficult to convince them to invest in original international reports when they can rely on gathering news from mainstream press agencies whose services they are already paying for anyway. 

To cover the war on Gaza, I had to gather funds from multiple sources, including small independent media outlets, a peace organization, and individual donors (over a hundred individuals who contributed from 3 to 500 US dollars). Initially, when I embarked on this mission, I didn’t anticipate such an overwhelming positive response, expecting to run out of funds quickly I only booked a two-week trip to Tel Aviv. However, the support I received helped me to extend my stay to a full month, which in turn granted me the opportunity to conduct more thorough, in-depth reporting and the flexibility to pursue my own journalistic agenda. 

BETHLEHEM, PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES - AUGUST 17: Israeli soldiers check Palestinian men seeking access to Jerusalem at the Bethlehem checkpoint on the last Friday of Ramadan, West Bank, August 17, 2012
BETHLEHEM, PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES - AUGUST 17: Israeli soldiers check Palestinian men seeking access to Jerusalem at the Bethlehem checkpoint on the last Friday of Ramadan, West Bank, August 17, 2012

For freelancers or those working with limited resources, a valuable tip is to collaborate with a colleague. In my experience, teaming up with a Colombian journalist, whom I had briefly encountered in Kilis, Turkey, proved to be a strategic decision. He reached out upon learning of my plans to cover the region, and together, we were able to pool our resources effectively. This partnership not only helped in sharing costs but also ensured mutual protection and facilitated the generation of creative ideas.

Our collaboration involved conducting risk assessments, networking for contacts, finding translators, liaising with officials, negotiating with soldiers, and leveraging our combined connections to other journalists. This comprehensive approach, born from our joint efforts, significantly enhanced our capability to navigate the complex and often unpredictable environment of conflict reporting.

Gaining entry was our first challenge. In today's digital age, if you've expressed critical views of Israel in the media or on social media, it's likely that Israeli surveillance systems are aware of your stance. Facing questioning is inevitable, whether it's while flying on Israeli airlines, the only option since October 7th, passing through immigration, or exiting the West Bank. In these situations, honesty is the best policy, as fabrications are easily unraveled. Israeli authorities may even request access to your private social media accounts. While it's your choice to comply, they kindly help you to remember that ultimately, they hold the power to grant or deny entry. In our case, we were fortunate to pass through without hindrance.

Obtaining a press card from the government was crucial

 

Israeli government issued Press Card GPO
Israeli government issued Press press card, GPO Card

 

We needed officially recognised documentation from the Government Press Office (GPO), which organizes press conferences and tours. It is relatively easy to join press tours to Kibbutzim that were attacked by Hamas, but not so easy to enter Gaza with the troops, which is only by invitation. Obtaining a press card from the Government Press Office (GPO) is a crucial step for journalists covering the Palestinian territories. The GPO offers two types of press cards: one for resident foreign correspondents and another for those on shorter assignments. I secured the latter, a process that, while time-consuming, significantly eases operational challenges. 

Even though some soldiers in the West Bank were unfamiliar with this press card, the fact that I had formally applied for it, provided all required details, including my X handle, and collected it personally from their office added weight to its validity. This thorough process, which I made sure to explain to the soldiers, underscored that the card was more than just an identification tool; it was a testament to my professional commitment, persuading them to respect my journalistic endeavors.

Risks often arise unexpectedly, and this was true on both the Palestinian and Israeli sides, where reactions ranged from supportive to highly suspicious.

Looking for sources and information

As I arrived in the West Bank a week ahead of my colleague, I embarked on finding sources. The old Facebook journalist groups I relied on in my previous coverages (between 2009 and 2014) were no longer active; however, they were replaced by WhatsApp groups and Telegram channels that were opened to provide information on this crisis. These included “Israel/Palestine logistics,” “News and Facts (PLS flag) journalists” (for a Palestinian perspective), and "EIPA Press Kit: Hamas invasion of Israel,” which is a militant Zionist advocacy group. And the “Gaza War Resource Group" (which is pro-Israeli but also has non-aligned, reliable information). Through them, access can be found to specific groups like those of the Palestinian Red Crescent, the Hostage and Missing Families Forum, and even the IDF.

 

Journalists are at risk too

Once in the West Bank, the value of working alongside my colleague became evident. We encountered threats, notably in Jenin, where we were surrounded by the army in a refugee camp, along with the local population. After being forced to hide for several hours, we strategized our escape. In such tense situations, having a trusted partner is crucial for maintaining composure and clear thinking. Should anything happen—arrest, injury, or worse—it's your colleague who will be searching for you. They also become the primary contact for your family back home, should they become anxious due to a lack of communication. 

Bethlehem wall mural of Leila Khaled OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES - OCTOBER 7, 2014: Activist graffiti adorns the Israeli separation wall in the West Bank town of Bethlehem on October 7, 2014.
BETHLEHEM, OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES - OCTOBER 7, 2014: Activist graffiti adorns the Israeli separation wall in the West Bank town of Bethlehem on October 7, 2014.

Risks often arise unexpectedly, and this was true on both the Palestinian and Israeli sides, where reactions ranged from supportive to highly suspicious. For example, while recording a selfie video against a mural of missing Israelis in Gaza, an Israeli passer-by mistakenly thought I was photographing the Israeli military headquarters across the street and confronted me aggressively. Dissatisfied with my explanation, he returned shortly with three Israeli soldiers, to whom I had to show my recordings and passport. Similarly, in the Palestinian territory, particularly in Nablus' Balata refugee camp and other tense West Bank areas, we were frequently approached by armed men who suspected us of being spies gathering intelligence for the Israeli army.

Sharing our perspective on the issues we cover is essential. While empathizing with those who lost relatives on October 7th, my Colombian co-journalist and I were acutely aware that the majority of the victims are those suffering under occupation—enduring severe hardships in Gaza and facing persecution, attacks, and killings in the West Bank. Unfortunately, these stories are often overlooked or marginalized.

Our collaboration was rooted in our aligned professional and ethical viewpoints. Without this shared understanding, our partnership might not have been as effective or even initiated. Fortunately, our work relationship evolved into a strong friendship, an unexpected but welcome development. It was also a stroke of luck that our unique pairing as a Mexican and a Colombian journalist didn't attract undue attention or curiosity.

 

More Articles

Journalism in chains in Cameroon

Investigative journalists in Cameroon sometimes use treacherous means to navigate the numerous challenges that hamper the practice of their profession: the absence of the Freedom of Information Act, the criminalisation of press offenses, and the scare of the overly-broad anti-terrorism law.

Nalova Akua
Nalova Akua Published on: 12 Apr, 2024
Monitoring of Journalistic Malpractices in Gaza Coverage

On this page, the editorial team of the Al Jazeera Journalism Review will collect news published by media institutions about the current war on Gaza that involves disinformation, bias, or professional journalistic standards and its code of ethics.

A picture of the Al Jazeera Media Institute's logo, on a white background.
Al Jazeera Journalism Review Published on: 9 Apr, 2024
The Perils of Journalism and the Rise of Citizen Media in Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia's media landscape is grim, with low rankings for internet and press freedom across the region. While citizen journalism has risen to fill the gaps, journalists - both professional and citizen - face significant risks due to government crackdowns and the collusion between tech companies and authorities to enable censorship and surveillance.

AJR Contributor Published on: 6 Apr, 2024
Silenced Voices: The Battle for Free Expression Amid India’s Farmer’s Protest

The Indian government's use of legal mechanisms to suppress dissenting voices and news reports raises questions about transparency and freedom of expression. The challenges faced by independent media in India indicate a broader narrative of controlling the narrative and stifling dissenting voices.

Suvrat Arora
Suvrat Arora Published on: 17 Mar, 2024
Targeting Truth: Assault on Female Journalists in Gaza

For female journalists in Palestine, celebrating international women's rights this year must take a backseat, as they continue facing the harsh realities of conflict. March 8th will carry little celebration for them, as they grapple with the severe risks of violence, mass displacement, and the vulnerability of abandonment amidst an ongoing humanitarian crisis. Their focus remains on bearing witness to human suffering and sharing stories of resilience from the frontlines, despite the personal dangers involved in their work.

Fatima Bashir
Fatima Bashir Published on: 14 Mar, 2024
A Woman's Journey Reporting on Pakistan's Thrilling Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally

A Woman's Voice in the Desert: Navigating the Spotlight

Anam Hussain
Anam Hussain Published on: 8 Mar, 2024
Breaking Barriers: The Rise of Citizen Journalists in India's Fight for Media Inclusion

Grassroots journalists from marginalized communities in India, including Dalits and Muslims, are challenging mainstream media narratives and bringing attention to underreported issues through digital outlets like The Mooknayak.

Hanan Zaffa
Hanan Zaffar, Jyoti Thakur Published on: 3 Mar, 2024
Why Journalists are Speaking out Against Western Media Bias in Reporting on Israel-Palestine

Over 1500 journalists from various US news organizations have signed an open letter criticizing the Western media's coverage of Israel's actions against Palestinians. They accuse newsrooms of dehumanizing rhetoric, bias, and the use of inflammatory language that reinforces stereotypes, lack of context, misinformation, biased language, and the focus on certain perspectives while diminishing others. They call for more accurate and critical coverage, the use of well-defined terms like "apartheid" and "ethnic cleansing," and the inclusion of Palestinian voices in reporting.

Belle de Jong journalist
Belle de Jong Published on: 26 Feb, 2024
Silenced Voices and Digital Resilience: The Case of Quds Network

Unrecognized journalists in conflict zones face serious risks to their safety and lack of support. The Quds Network, a Palestinian media outlet, has been targeted and censored, but they continue to report on the ground in Gaza. Recognition and support for independent journalists are crucial.

Yousef Abu Watfe يوسف أبو وطفة
Yousef Abu Watfeh Published on: 21 Feb, 2024
Artificial Intelligence's Potentials and Challenges in the African Media Landscape

How has the proliferation of Artificial Intelligence impacted newsroom operations, job security and regulation in the African media landscape? And how are journalists in Africa adapting to these changes?

Derick M
Derick Matsengarwodzi Published on: 18 Feb, 2024
Media Blackout on Imran Khan and PTI: Analysing Pakistan's Election Press Restrictions

Implications and response to media censorship and the deliberate absence of coverage for the popular former Prime Minister, Imran Khan, and his party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), in the media during the 2024 elections in Pakistan.

Anam Hussain
Anam Hussain Published on: 14 Feb, 2024
Digital Battlegrounds: The New Broadcasting Bill and Independent Journalism in India

New legislation in India threatens the freedom of independent journalism. The draft Broadcasting Services (Regulation) Bill, 2023 grants the government extensive power to regulate and censor content, potentially suppressing news critical of government policies.

Safina
Safina Nabi Published on: 11 Feb, 2024
Pegasus Spyware: A Grave Threat to Journalists in Southeast Asia

The widespread deployment of spyware such as Pegasus in Southeast Asia, used by governments to target opposition leaders, activists, and journalists, presents significant challenges in countering digital surveillance. This is due to its clandestine operations and the political intricacies involved. The situation underscores the urgent need for international cooperation and heightened public awareness to address these human rights infringements.

AJR Contributor Published on: 5 Feb, 2024
Media Monopoly in Brazil: How Dominant Media Houses Control the Narrative and Stifle Criticism of Israel

An in-depth analysis exploring the concentration of media ownership in Brazil by large companies, and how this shapes public and political narratives, particularly by suppressing criticism of Israel.

Al Jazeera Logo
Rita Freire & Ahmad Al Zobi Published on: 1 Feb, 2024
Cameroonian Media Martyrs: The Intersection of Journalism and Activism

Experts and journalists in Cameroon disagree on the relationship between journalism and activism: some say journalism is activism; others think they are worlds apart, while another category says a “very thin” line separate both

Nalova Akua
Nalova Akua Published on: 28 Jan, 2024
Silent Suffering: The Impact of Sexual Harassment on African Newsrooms

Sexual harassment within newsrooms and the broader journalistic ecosystem is affecting the quality and integrity of journalistic work, ultimately impacting the organisation’s integrity and revenue.

Derick M
Derick Matsengarwodzi Published on: 23 Jan, 2024
In the Courtroom and Beyond: Covering South Africa's Historic Legal Case Against Israel at The Hague

As South Africa takes on Israel at the International Court of Justice, the role of journalists in covering this landmark case becomes more crucial than ever. Their insights and reporting bring the complexities of international law to a global audience.

Hala Ahed
Hala Ahed Published on: 12 Jan, 2024
Embedded journalism: Striking a balance between access and impartiality in war zones

The ethical implications of embedded journalism, particularly in the Israeli invasion of Gaza, raise concerns about the compromise of balance and independence in war coverage.

Abeer Ayyoub
Abeer Ayyoub Published on: 19 Dec, 2023
Does international law protect Palestinian journalists?

International humanitarian law provides some protection for journalists, but there is a lack of effective measures against crimes committed against them. The Israeli occupation's impunity and lack of accountability for war crimes against civilians, including journalists, is a crisis for international law.

Badia Al-Sawan
Badia Al-Sawan Published on: 12 Dec, 2023
This Indian fact-checking newsroom is at the forefront of the fight against disinformation on the war in Gaza

In the digital battleground of Gaza's war, a surge of disinformation, primarily from Indian Hindu nationalists, paints Palestinians negatively, fueled by Islamophobia and pro-Israeli sentiments; yet, Alt News emerges as a crucial counterforce, diligently fact-checking and debunking these misleading narratives, even in Arabic, amidst a sea of manipulated social media content.

Meer Faisal
Meer Faisal Published on: 5 Dec, 2023
Echos of Israeli Discourse in Latin American Media on Gaza

Heavily influenced by US and Israeli diplomatic efforts, Latin American media predominantly aligns with and amplifies the Israeli perspective. This divergence between political actions and media representation highlights the complex dynamics shaping Latin American coverage of the Gaza conflict.

Rita Freire Published on: 23 Nov, 2023
Why have opposition parties in India issued a boycott of 14 TV presenters?

Media workers in India argue that boycotts of individual journalists are not the answer to pro-Government reporting bias

Saurabh Sharma
Saurabh Sharma Published on: 23 Oct, 2023
Punishing the popular: the suspension of a youth magazine in Vietnam

Media outlets not directly affiliated with the state are not allowed to produce ‘news’ in Vietnam - but the loose definition of ‘news’ means many fall foul of the rules

headshot
AJR Correspondent Published on: 19 Oct, 2023
When journalism and artificial intelligence come face to face

What does the future really hold for journalism and artificial intelligence?

Amira
Amira Zahra Imouloudene Published on: 12 Oct, 2023